Bis zum Juli berichten wir live von den 21 Etappen der Tour de France - im Livestream, im Ticker, im Ersten und auf One. awakening.nu bietet Videos, Livestreams, Nachrichten, Rennberichte, Ergebnisse und Wertungen zu allen Etappen der Tour de France. awakening.nu bietet Videos, Livestreams, Nachrichten, Rennberichte, Ergebnisse und Wertungen zu allen Etappen der Tour de France. Allerdings konnte seit Sieger Hinault kein Franzose mehr die Rundfahrt gewinnen. Inklusive Ruhetage waren es sogar Tage. Dadurch ist man jederzeit im Bilde, wo sich der Fahrer gerade befindet. Während der Tour de France erlebte der Radsport eine schwere Glaubwürdigkeitskrise. Sehen Sie hier die lange Zusammenfassung der Bardets Schwäche ist nach wie vor das Zeitfahren. Das Zeitlimit wird nach Schwierigkeitsgrad und Durchschnittsgeschwindigkeit der jeweiligen Etappen berechnet. Etappe 1 - Brüssel - Brüssel. Greg van Avermaet fährt weiter in Gelb. In den Bergen machte Landa sogar teilweise einen stärkeren Eindruck als Froome. Juni in Bordeaux statt.
Tour den france -Dient das der Gewichtsminimierung oder will man dadurch die Prostata entlasten? Beim Trinken gilt die Faustformel: Am Ende steht der komplette Triumph der britischen Equipe, die nun nur noch klären muss, ob Etappensieger Geraint Thomas loyal bleiben wird. Aber sie ist falsch, weil Uran wahrscheinlich besser abschneiden wird. Etappe der Tour de France und rückte zurück auf das Podium. Ohne die Sonderregelung hätte Andrei Kiwiljow die Tour gewonnen.
Hans fjärde titel totalt och tredje i rad. Grön tröja maillot vert — ledaren av poängtävlingen Bärs av den cyklist som tagit flest poäng vid spurtpriserna.
Lördag 7 juli Etapp 1: Söndag 8 juli Etapp 2: Cholet - Cholet lagtempo 35,5 km. Tisdag 10 juli Etapp 4: La Baule - Sarzeau km. Onsdag 11 juli Etapp 5: Lorient - Quimper ,5 km.
Torsdag 12 juli Etapp 6: Landets flaggskepp, det atomdrivna hangarfartyget Charles de Gaulle först tänkt att heta Richelieu byggdes här.
Fredag 13 juli Etapp 7: Lördag 14 juli Etapp 8: Dreux - Amiens km. Amiens är känt för sin talskatedral och sina bakverk, författaren Jules Verne bodde under den senare delen av sitt liv i staden.
Söndag 15 juli Etapp 9: Magnus Bäckstedt är den ende svensk som vunnit Paris-Roubaix och även ensam svensk om att ha vunnit en etapp i Tour de France Duingt - Le Grand-Bornand km.
Bästa svenska placering är Emma Johanssons sjundeplats Tisdag 17 juli Etapp Onsdag 18 juli Etapp Torsdag 19 juli Etapp Fredag 20 juli Etapp Le Bourg-d'Oisans - Valence ,5 km.
The record claimed by Desgrange was , during the Tour. Desgrange and his Tour invented bicycle stage racing.
Initially he used total accumulated time as used in the modern Tour de France  but from to by points for placings each day.
By time, a rider coping with a mechanical problem—which the rules insisted he repair alone—could lose so much time that it cost him the race. Equally, riders could finish so separated that time gained or lost on one or two days could decide the whole race.
Judging the race by points removed over-influential time differences but discouraged competitors from riding hard. It made no difference whether they finished fast or slow or separated by seconds or hours, so they were inclined to ride together at a relaxed pace until close to the line, only then disputing the final placings that would give them points.
The format changed over time. The Tour originally ran around the perimeter of France. Cycling was an endurance sport and the organisers realised the sales they would achieve by creating supermen of the competitors.
Night riding was dropped after the second Tour in , when there had been persistent cheating when judges could not see riders. Desgrange said his ideal race would be so hard that only one rider would make it to Paris.
Early tours had long multi-day stages, with the format settling on 15 stages from until After this, stages were gradually shortened, such that by there were as many as three stages in a single day.
The first Tours were open to whoever wanted to compete. Most riders were in teams that looked after them. Some of the Tour's most colourful characters have been touriste-routiers.
One finished each day's race and then performed acrobatic tricks in the street to raise the price of a hotel. Until Desgrange forbade team members from pacing each other.
Until he demanded that riders mend their bicycles without help and that they use the same bicycle from start to end.
Exchanging a damaged bicycle for another was allowed only in By the end of the s, Desgrange believed he could not beat what he believed were the underhand tactics of bike factories.
The original touriste-routiers mostly disappeared but some were absorbed into regional teams. In Desgrange had a prostate operation.
At the time, two operations were needed; the Tour de France was due to fall between them. Desgrange persuaded his surgeon to let him follow the race.
Desgrange died at home on the Mediterranean coast on 16 August Each organised a candidate race. Both were five stages, the longest the government would allow because of shortages.
On the Tour's return, the format of the race settled on between 20—25 stages. Most stages would last one day but the scheduling of 'split' stages continued well in to the s.
National teams contested the Tour until Some nations had more than one team and some were mixed in with others to make up the number.
National teams caught the public imagination but had a snag: The loyalty of riders was sometimes questionable, within and between teams.
Sponsors were always unhappy about releasing their riders into anonymity for the biggest race of the year, as riders in national teams wore the colours of their country and a small cloth panel on their chest that named the team for which they normally rode.
The situation became critical at the start of the s. Sales of bicycles had fallen and bicycle factories were closing.
The Tour returned to trade teams in Doping had become a problem culminating in the death of Tom Simpson in , after which riders went on strike,   though the organisers suspected sponsors provoked them.
The Union Cycliste Internationale introduced limits to daily and overall distances, imposed rest days and tests were introduced for riders.
It was then impossible to follow the frontiers, and the Tour increasingly zig-zagged across the country, sometimes with unconnected days' races linked by train, while still maintaining some sort of loop.
The Tour returned to national teams for and  as "an experiment". In the early s the race was dominated by Eddy Merckx , who won the General Classification five times, the Mountains Classification twice, the Points Classification three times and a record 34 stages.
While the global awareness and popularity of the Tour grew during this time, its finances became stretched. That number expands to about during the race itself, not including contractors employed to move barriers, erect stages, signpost the route and other work.
The oldest and main competition in the Tour de France is known as the "general classification", for which the yellow jersey is awarded: The oldest and most sought after classification in the Tour de France is the general classification.
If a rider is leading more than one classification that awards a jersey, he wears the yellow one, since the general classification is the most important one in the race.
The leader in the first Tour de France was awarded a green armband. Each team brings multiple yellow jerseys in advance of the Tour in case one of their riders becomes the overall leader of the race.
Riders usually try to make the extra effort to keep the jersey for as long as possible in order to get more publicity for the team and its sponsors.
Eddy Merckx has worn the yellow jersey for 96 stages, which is more than any other rider in the history of the Tour de France.
Four riders have won the general classification five times in their career: The mountains classification is the second oldest jersey awarding classification in the Tour de France.
The mountains classification was added to the Tour de France in the edition and was first won by Vicente Trueba. Climbs are classified according to the steepness and length of that particular hill, with more points available for harder climbs.
The classification was preceded by the meilleur grimpeur English: The classification awarded no jersey to the leader until the Tour de France , when the organizers decided to award a distinctive white jersey with red dots to the leader.
At the end of the Tour, the rider holding the most climbing points wins the classification. Some riders may race with the aim of winning this particular competition, while others who gain points early on may shift their focus to the classification during the race.
The Tour has five categories for ranking the mountains the race covers. During his career Richard Virenque won the mountains classification a record seven times.
The point distribution for the mountains is as follows: The points classification is the third oldest of the currently awarded jersey classifications.
The classification was added to draw the participation of the sprinters as well as celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Tour. Points are given to the first 15 riders to finish a stage, with an additional set of points given to the first 15 riders to cross a pre-determined 'sprint' point during the route of each stage.
The point classification leader green jersey is worn by the rider who at the start of each stage, has the greatest number of points. In the first years, the cyclist received penalty points for not finishing with a high place, so the cyclist with the fewest points was awarded the green jersey.
From on, the system was changed so the cyclists were awarded points for high place finishes with first place getting the most points, and lower placings getting successively fewer points , so the cyclist with the most points was awarded the green jersey.
The number of points awarded varies depending on the type of stage, with flat stages awarding the most points at the finish and time trials and high mountain stages awarding the fewest points at the finish.
The winner of the classification is the rider with the most points at the end of the Tour. In case of a tie, the leader is determined by the number of stage wins, then the number of intermediate sprint victories, and finally, the rider's standing in the general classification.
The classification has been won a record six times by Erik Zabel and Peter Sagan. In the jersey was changed to red to please the sponsor.
For almost 25 years the classification was sponsored by Pari Mutuel Urbain, a state betting company. As of , the points awarded stands as: The leader of the classification is determined the same way as the general classification, with the riders' times being added up after each stage and the eligible rider with lowest aggregate time is dubbed the leader.
The Young rider classification is restricted to the riders that are under the age of Originally the classification was restricted to neo-professionals — riders that are in their first three years of professional racing — until In , the organizers made it so that only first time riders were eligible for the classification.
In , the organizers changed the rules of the classification to what they are today. This classification was added to the Tour de France in the edition , with Francesco Moser being the first to win the classification after placing seventh overall.
The Tour de France awards a white jersey to the leader of the classification, although this was not done between and Two riders have won the young rider classification three times in their respective careers: Jan Ullrich and Andy Schleck.
The most combative rider wears a number printed white-on-red instead of black-on-white next day. An award goes to the most aggressive rider throughout the Tour.
Already in a sort of combativity award was offered, when Sports Populaires and L'Education Physique created Le Prix du Courage , francs and a silver gilt medal for "the rider having finished the course, even if unplaced, who is particularly distinguished for the energy he has used.
It was initially not awarded every year, but since it has been given annually. Eddy Merckx has the most wins 4 for the overall award.
The team classification is assessed by adding the time of each team's best three riders each day. The competition does not have its own jersey but since the leading team has worn numbers printed black-on-yellow.
Until , the leading team would wear yellow caps. As of , the riders of the leading team wear yellow helmets.
There has been an intermediate sprints classification , which from awarded a red jersey  for points awarded to the first three to pass intermediate points during the stage.
These sprints also scored points towards the points classification and bonuses towards the general classification. The intermediate sprints classification with its red jersey was abolished in ,  but the intermediate sprints have remained, offering points for the points classification and, until , time bonuses for the general classification.
From there was a combination classification ,  scored on a points system based on standings in the general, points and mountains classifications.
The design was originally white, then a patchwork with areas resembling each individual jersey design. This was also abolished in The rider who has taken most time is called the lanterne rouge red lantern, as in the red light at the back of a vehicle so it can be seen in the dark and in past years sometimes carried a small red light beneath his saddle.
Such was sympathy that he could command higher fees in the races that previously followed the Tour. In and the organisers excluded the last rider every day, to encourage more competitive racing.
Prize money has always been awarded. From 20, francs the first year,  prize money has increased each year, although from to the first prize was an apartment offered by a race sponsor.
The first prize in was a car, a studio-apartment, a work of art, and , francs in cash. Prizes only in cash returned in Prizes and bonuses are awarded for daily placings and final placings at the end of the race.
The Souvenir Henri Desgrange , in memory of the founder of the Tour, is awarded to the first rider over the Col du Galibier where his monument stands,  or to the first rider over the highest col in the Tour.
A similar award, the Souvenir Jacques Goddet , is made at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet , at the memorial to Jacques Goddet , Desgrange's successor.
The Tour directors categorise mass-stage starts into 'flat', 'hilly', or 'mountain'. The first prologue was in The final time trial has sometimes been the final stage, more recently often the penultimate stage.
This stage rarely challenges the leader because it is flat and the leader usually has too much time in hand to be denied.
But in , Pedro Delgado broke away on the Champs to challenge the second lead held by Stephen Roche. He and Roche finished in the peloton and Roche won the Tour.
In modern times, there tends to be a gentlemen's agreement: In the last stage was a time trial. Greg LeMond overtook Laurent Fignon to win by eight seconds, the closest margin in the Tour's history.
The climb of Alpe d'Huez has become one of the more noted mountain stages. During the Tour de France it was the scene of a Riders complained of abusive spectators who threatened their progress up the climb.
Another notable mountain stage frequently featured climbs the Col du Tourmalet , the most visited mountain in the history of the Tour.
Col du Galibier is the most visited mountain in the Alps. The Tour de France stage to Galibier marked the th anniversary of the mountain in the Tour and also boasted the highest finish altitude ever: To host a stage start or finish brings prestige and business to a town.
The race may start with a prologue too short to go between towns in which case the start of the next day's racing, which would be considered stage 1, would usually be in the same town.
In director Christian Prudhomme said that "in general, for a period of five years we have the Tour start outside France three times and within France twice.
With the switch to the use of national teams in , the costs of accommodating riders fell to the organizers instead of the sponsors and Henri Desgrange raised the money by allowing advertisers to precede the race.
The procession of often colourfully decorated trucks and cars became known as the publicity caravan. It formalised an existing situation, companies having started to follow the race.
The first to sign to precede the Tour was the chocolate company, Menier , one of those who had followed the race. Preceding the race was more attractive to advertisers because spectators gathered by the road long before the race or could be attracted from their houses.
Advertisers following the race found that many who had watched the race had already gone home. Menier handed out tons of chocolate in that first year of preceding the race, as well as , policemen's hats printed with the company's name.
The success led to the caravan's existence being formalised the following year. The caravan was at its height between and the mids, before television and especially television advertising was established in France.
Advertisers competed to attract public attention. The writer Pierre Bost [n 8] lamented: It bellows, it plays ugly music, it's sad, it's ugly, it smells of vulgarity and money.
On top of that come the more considerable costs of the commercial samples that are thrown to the crowd and the cost of accommodating the drivers and the staff—frequently students—who throw them.
The number of items has been estimated at 11 million, each person in the procession giving out 3, to 5, items a day. Together, they weighed 32 tonnes 31 long tons; 35 short tons.
Numbers vary but there are normally around vehicles each year. Their order on the road is established by contract, the leading vehicles belonging to the largest sponsors.
The procession sets off two hours before the start and then regroups to precede the riders by an hour and a half.
Vehicles travel in groups of five. Their position is logged by GPS and from an aircraft and organised on the road by the caravan director—Jean-Pierre Lachaud [n 9] —an assistant, three motorcyclists, two radio technicians, and a breakdown and medical crew.
The first three Tours from — stayed within France. No teams from Italy, Germany, or Spain rode in because of tensions preceding the Second World War after German assistance to the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War it was widely expected Spain would join Germany in a European war, though this did not come to pass.
Henri Desgrange planned a Tour for , after war had started but before France had been invaded. När tävlingen närmade sig hade bara 15 cyklister anmält sig.
Anmälningsavgiften var 20 francs, vilket var mycket pengar. Snart hade ytterligare 60 cyklister anmält sig till tävlingen.
Den första vinnaren av loppet blev Maurice Garin. De flesta etapperna är av typen linjelopp med gemensam start för samtliga deltagare. En till tre av etapperna är tempolopp med individuell start, varav en av dessa etapper kan vara ett lagtempolopp.
Bergsetapperna är de etapper som avgör tävlingen. I tävlingen förekommer utöver totalsegrare även ett antal mindre tävlingar.
Den ordning som tröjorna räknas upp nedan är även tröjornas inbördes ranking. Den viktigaste är den gula ledartröjan, maillot jaune , som bärs av den som leder totalt.
Ledaren av tävlingen utses genom att summera tiderna varje cyklist behövt för att fullfölja varje etapp.
Den cyklist som har kortast tid, det vill säga den som cyklat snabbast, leder tävlingen.